There are two types of diabetes they are Type 1 diabetes and Type 2 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes makes our pancreas to stop creating or reducing the levels of insulin, so a person who is diagnosed with Type 1 diabetes injects insulin throughout the day to control the glucose levels in body. Type 2 diabetes also called as Adult Onset Diabetes makes our pancreas to stop creating enough insulin to control the levels of glucose in our body. When our cells stops responding to insulin, this state is called insulin resistance.
When a person gets diagnosed with type 2 diabetes exercise and weight control is prescribed as measures to help with insulin resistance and if still it doesn’t control glucose levels than medication is prescribed.
Some of the risk factors faced in type 2 diabetes includes high cholesterol, inactivity, obesity, and hypertension. Inactivity is one of the most common factor seen that could lead to cause type 2 diabetes. Exercise can only give a positive effect on type 2 diabetes to improve the insulin sensitivity however type 1 diabetes can’t be controlled by exercise.
Exercise can cause our body to circulate the glucose fast which results in lower down the blood sugar. The more extreme exercise, the faster our body will absorb the glucose. Before you begin with exercise program you should consult your physician. You should always take precautions and keep in mind that before you exercise you should not inject the insulin.
General exercise guidelines for diabetes:
- Allow enough rest during exercise sessions to prevent high blood pressure, avoid heavy weight lifting and, use low effect exercises and always have a supply of carbohydrates. If blood sugar levels in body get too low the person may feel hungry, shaky, disoriented, and anxious, become irritable or experience trembling. Intake of carbohydrate snack or beverage will alleviate these symptoms in a matter of minutes.
- Before you engage yourself in exercise it is recommended to test blood sugar levels to make sure that they are not below 80 to 100 mg/dl range and are not above 250 mg/dl. Also the Glucose levels should be tested before, after and during and also three to five hours after finishing exercise. During this recovery period (3-5 hours after exercise) it is essential for diabetics to intake sufficient amount of carbohydrates in order to prevent hypoglycemia.
- A person with type 2 diabetes will benefit a lot from exercise because of positive effects on insulin sensitivity. Appropriate exercise and nutrition are the best forms of prevention for type II diabetics. It is important to exercise daily to help with satisfying insulin sensitivity.
- A person with type 1 diabetes should also keep carbohydrates during exercise which will help in raising blood sugar levels if the blood sugar levels becomes low.