Coronavirus (COVID-19) is a disease that was first detected in Wuhan, China, on 31 December 2019. This infectious disease called Coronavirus or COVID-19 is caused by a new kind of virus that was not previously detected in humans. As its an infectious disease it can be spread directly or indirectly from one person to another through upper respiratory tract like nose, throat, airways, and lungs. When a human is affected by Coronavirus, it causes respiratory illness like flu accompanied by symptoms such as cough, fever and in some severe causes pneumonia.
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How does Coronavirus disease or COVID-19 spread?
COVID-19 commonly spreads when the infected person coughs or sneezes and through the droplets of saliva or discharge from the nose. And when a un-infected person inhales it, the Coronavirus enters into their body.
Who is more vulnerable to the coronavirus (COVID-19)?
Every age group people should be cautious as the virus can infect all. However the elderly, those with asthma, diabetes and heart disease could be more vulnerable to the virus.
How to prevent getting infected by Coronavirus / COVID-19?
To prevent the infection to be spread just follow the below precautions:
Wash your hands frequently even if your hands are not visibly dirty with soap/ handwash and water for 20 seconds (this kills the viruses that may be present in your hands) or else you can even sanitize your hands with alcohol-based hand sanitizer or rub
Cover your mouth and nose when sneezing and coughing with hands or a tissue. Discard the tissue instantly into a lined trash can and wash your hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds.
If you are eating meat or eggs they should be cooked thoroughly
Avoid close contact with anyone at least 1-meter distance who is showing positive symptoms of respiratory illness such as coughing and sneezing (when someone coughs or sneezes they discharge spray from their nose or mouth which contains small liquid droplets and may even contain viruses, so if you go to close you can breathe in such droplets which may even contain the COVID-19 virus if the coughing person is infected by the disease)
Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth (our hands touch many surfaces and during it may pickup viruses, so when such contaminated hands touch eyes, nose, and mouth it may transfer the virus and enter your body which will later make you sick)
Make people surrounding you follow good respiratory hygiene by covering their mouth and nose with bent elbow or tissue when coughing or sneezing. If used tissue then it should be disposed of immediately. (as mentioned earlier the droplets released from sneezing or coughing spreads the virus and by following good respiratory hygiene you can protect the people around you from viruses such as cold, flu and COVID-19)
If you have fever, cough, and difficulty in breathing, you should seek medical care immediately and stay home if you feel unwell. (National and local authorities will have the up to date information on the COVID-19 situation in your area. Calling them in advance will allow your health care provider to quickly direct you to the right health facility. This will also protect you and help to prevent spread the viruses and other infections)
To prevent COVID-19 avoid physical contact when greeting. Instead, you can greet by waving, nodding or bowing. (Coronavirus or COVID-19 can transfer by shaking hands and touching your eyes, nose, and mouth, so it is best practice to completely avoid shaking hands with others)
Wash your hands after coughing or sneezing, when caring for the sick, before, during and after you prepare food, before eating, after toilet use, when hands are visibly dirty, after handling animals or animal waste
Use different chopping boards and knives for raw meat and cooked foods
Wipe high touch surfaces like countertops, tabletops, bathroom fixtures, doorknobs, toilets, phones, keyboards, tablets and bedside tables with a household cleaner
Wipe down the surfaces frequently as it may be contaminated by body fluids which include blood, stool, droplets of saliva and discharge from the nose
If possible make sure you stock up with enough daily food and essentials to minimize the trips outside your home, however, don’t hoard as the apocalypse and the quarantine isn’t going to last forever
You should not share dishes, drinking glasses, eating utensils, cups, towels or bedding with anyone including pets. Wash them thoroughly after using them.
Wash your hands between handling raw and cooked food
Sick animal and animals that have died of diseases should not be eaten
Avoid being at crowded places, maintain social distancing
When to get tested for Coronavirus / COVID-19?
There is no requirement to get tested for Coronavirus / COVID-19 if you have not experienced any symptoms such as Cough, fever, or difficulty in breathing
If you are experiencing any of the above symptoms and have recently traveled to any of the Coronavirus / COVID-19 affected regions like Italy, Republic of Korea, Iran, France, Spain, Germany, UAE, etc or you are a contact of a laboratory-confirmed positive case immediately you should call the State helpline number or ministry of health and family welfare, Government of India or Government of your Country
If you qualify as a case for testing as per the protocol, you will be tested at a Government approved lab only.
What to do if I am infected with Coronavirus
If you are been infected with the pandemic COVID-19, the first thing which you will need to do contact Government regional health care providers and follow their instructions. Your regional health care provider will treat you and guide you to prevent the spread of COVID-19 and other viruses.
If you have been quarantine in Government medical care then it will be well in good or if you have been instructed to put yourself under Self-Isolation at your home then you should strictly separate yourself from others and your house members to the greatest extent possible. This will prevent the spread of the COVID-19.
If you have been self-isolated at your home then a room and a bathroom must be designed for your exclusive use if possible. Every surface you cough on or touch could become contaminated with the virus.
While isolation you should intake a healthy diet and try to boost your immunity so that your body could cope up with the virus.
To boost immunity you shouldn’t take any immunity-boosting medicines. However, the health care physician could prescribe you anti-biotics which would treat any bacterial infection in your body. But you should not self-medicate yourself with medicines, including antibiotics, as a prevention or cure for COVID-19 as per the WHO instructions.
How Soap Kills the Coronavirus
The best and effective way to prevent the spread of coronavirus is to wash your hands. But do you know how does washing hands prevents the coronavirus?
It’s simply because of the soap, the soap could be a regular soap, fancy honeysuckle soap, artisan peppermint soap, or any other soap.
Coronavirus is a bit of material that is surrounded by a coating of proteins and fat, so the virus can be easily stuck to places like your hands, but when you rinse your hands with just water it rushes right over the virus. That’s because the outer layer of fat makes the virus behave like a drop of oil.
For e.g. when you pour oil into water it floats and doesn’t mix with water. But when you add soap in the same water and try to mix it, you will find that the fatty oil dissolves into the water. The reason because of happening this is the soap contains two-sided molecules, one end of the molecule is attracted to water and another end to fat. So when the molecules present in the soap come in contact with water and fat, these dual attractions literally pull that fat apart, surrounding the oil particles and dispersing them through the water.
So now let’s go back to our coronavirus molecule, with that layer of fat holding everything together. When it interacts with soap, the outer layer fat gets pulled out by the soap. Soap literally pulls apart and demolishes these viruses. And then the water rinses the harmless, leftover shards of the virus down the drain. But it takes 20 seconds of time for this effect to happen, so that’s the reason it is said that you should wash your hands with soap and water by foaming the soap by making it reach every surface on your hands for at least 20 seconds.
Are Hand Sanitizers more effective than Soap to kill Coronavirus
Hand Sanitizers also works to kill the coronavirus, due to the presence of alcohol content in it. The alcohol works in a similar way like a soap, by breaking down that fatty layer. To kill the coronavirus from spreading using Hand Sanitizers, you should make sure the Hand Sanitizers which you are using contains a high concentration of alcohol.
The CDC recommends Hand Sanitizers with at least 60% alcohol, but even with 60% alcohol, the CDC recommends using soap if you can. If your hands are sweaty or dirty when you use the sanitizer, that can dilute it and diminish its effectiveness. As for soap just any kind of soap works, it don’t need to be an antibacterial. The FDA says skip it, as there is no proof on it whether it is more effective. Just be sure you wash your hands for 20 seconds with soap and water.
One more problem of using Hand Sanitizers is you need to get the rub or get everywhere on your hand surface. When you are rubbing a gel or a wipe it will be actually a little bit harder. If you don’t have access to hand sanitizers which are hard to buy in some regions of the world and it’s costlier too, then you can use the soap or liquid hand wash.
FAQ’s on Coronavirus COVID-19
Can I get tested for Coronavirus / COVID-19 in Private Hospital or Laboratory?
No, currently private hospitals or laboratories are not authorized to test for COVID-19. As the virus is highly contagious As of now only labs with biosafety level 4 (BSL4) can handle the COVID-19 samples.
Does wearing rubber gloves in public prevents the new coronavirus infection?
No, frequently washing your bare hands offers more protection against Coronavirus or COVID-19 rather than wearing rubber gloves. Rubber gloves can pick up Coronavirus or COVID-19 and if you touch your face, nose or eyes with such contaminated gloves then you can get infected.
Will i get infected with Coronavirus COVID-19 if i eat chicken, meat and eggs?
No, Even in areas experiencing outbreaks, chicken, meat products and eggs can be safely consumed if these items are cooked thoroughly and properly handled during food preparation. But sick and dead animals should not be eaten.
Will i die if you are detected positive with Coronavirus COVID-19?
No, 80% of the affected people experience mild symptoms, and recover from the disease in 2 weeks. And most of the symptoms can be treated with timely medical care.
Does it mean I have coronavirus, If i am coughing or sneezing?
You may be affected by Coronavirus or COVID-19 if you are experiencing symptoms like fever, cough, shortness of breath and even if you have recently traveled to coronavirus-affected regions like China, Iran, Italy, Republic of Korea, etc.
Can coronavirus be treated?
Yes, Symptom-based medical care is given and has proven really effective. But there is no special vaccine, medicines or treatment for novel coronavirus.
Does garlic prevents coronavirus infection?
There is no evidence as of now which proves garlic can prevent or fight against coronavirus infection.
Can pets spread the COVID-19 virus?
As of now there is no evidence that suggests that pets can spread the virus. But you should wash your hands after handling the pets.
Can antibiotics helps to fight against the COVID-19 Virus?
No, antibiotics doesn’t work against the COVID-19 Virus.